What yarns parallel to selvedge?
The lengthwise yarns (sometimes called the warp) run parallel to the selvage edge of the fabric. They are usually more tightly twisted, stronger, and more stable than the crosswise yarns. The crosswise yarns (sometimes called the woof, weft, or filling) are perpendicular, or at right angles to the selvage.
Which yarn is always the lengthwise horizontal yarn on the loom?
The warp threads run lengthwise in a loom and are held stationary in tension, while the transverse weft threads, also referred to as fill, are inserted over-and-under the warp. Fig. 1: Weft and warp direction of woven fabric.
What are the yarns that run from selvage to selvage on a textile called?
Filling, also called Weft, or Woof, in woven fabrics, the widthwise, or horizontal, yarns carried over and under the warp, or lengthwise, yarns and running from selvage to selvage.
What is leno selvedge?
Leno selvedge: Leno selvedge is formed by one or more pairs of strong, highly tensioned ends that interface with the weft on the leno principle. Warp threads are crossed and interwoven into the edges of the fabric.
What is false selvedge?
FALSE SELVAGE An extra layer of selvage woven on each edge of some looped pile fabrics. This selvage is formed by floats inserted to hold loop pile during weaving. Both FALSE SELVAGE and floats are removed after cloth is doffed from loom.
Which yarn is used lengthwise?
… weaving, lengthwise yarns are called warp; crosswise yarns are called weft, or filling. Most woven fabrics are made with their outer edges finished in a manner that avoids raveling; these are called selvages.
Do all fabrics have a bias?
When considering the layout of your garment it is important to remember that every fabric has two true biases, each perpendicular to the other. When the front and back of a dress are cut on parallel biases, the dress has a tendency to twist around the body.
What is the difference between weft and woof?
is that weft is (weaving) the horizontal threads that are interlaced through the warp in a woven fabric or weft can be (obsolete) something cast away; a waif while woof is the set of yarns placed crosswise in a loom, interlaced with the warp, carried by the shuttle or woof can be the sound a dog makes when barking.