What was the relationship between the Byzantine Empire and the early Roman Empire and what were the main similarities and differences?
Both of the Empires has the same form of government, Authoritarian, also both were ruled by hereditary rulers. The empires had differing main languages, in the Roman Empire they mainly spoke latin and in the Byzantine Empire the most common language was Greek.
What is the most famous Roman mosaics?
One of the most famous is the Alexander mosaic which was a copy of a Hellenistic original painting by either Philoxenus or Aristeides of Thebes. The mosaic is from the House of the Faun, Pompeii and depicts Alexander the Great riding Bucephalus and facing Darius III on his war chariot at the Battle of Issus (333 BCE).
Why are Roman mosaics important?
Mosaics would show pictures of Roman history and everyday Roman life. These mosaic images provide an insight into what Roman life was like and how they lived. Mosaic floors were a sign of wealth and importance.
What was the purpose of the Byzantine art?
Byzantine Christian art had the triple purpose of beautifying a building, instructing the illiterate on matters vital for the welfare of their soul, and encouraging the faithful that they were on the correct path to salvation. For this reason, the interiors of Byzantine churches were covered with paintings and mosaics.