What is the correct tension for my sewing machine?
The dial settings run from 0 to 9, so 4.5 is generally the ‘default’ position for normal straight-stitch sewing. This should be suitable for most fabrics. If you are doing a zig-zag stitch, or another stitch that has width, then you may find that the bobbin thread is pulled through to the top.
What stitch length and tension should I use?
What stitch length should I use?
|What is the best stitch for:||Suggested Stitch Length (mm)||Stitches Per Inch|
|Standard Stitch Length||2.5 – 3.0||8 – 10|
|Basting stitch||5.0 – 7.0||4 – 5|
|Stay-stitching||1.5 – 2.0||12 – 8|
|Top-stitching – light/medium weight||3.0 – 3.5||7 – 8|
Why is my thread bunching underneath?
A: Looping on the underside, or back of the fabric, means the top tension is too loose compared to the bobbin tension, so the bobbin thread is pulling too much top thread underneath. By tightening the top tension, the loops will stop, but the added tension may cause breakage, especially with sensitive threads.
If your thread is pulled tight on the underside and not forming an even stitch then (counter-intuitively) it’s usually the top thread tension that’s wrong. Sometimes very lightweight fabrics such as sheers can get dragged down into the machine so it’s a good idea to use a straight stitch plate.
How do I know if my bobbin tension is correct?
The thread should unwind just slightly and the bobbin case should drop an inch or two. If the thread unwinds without resistance and the case slips to the floor, your bobbin tension is too loose. If the bobbin case doesn’t budge, your bobbin tension is too tight.
What width should my sewing machine be on?
A straight stitch has no width so it makes sense to set the dial at “0”. However, each machine varies so you will want to set the Stitch Width dial at the position where the needle is centered over the stitch plate. This will give you the most accurate seam allowance.