How does tobacco mosaic virus affect the plants?
TMV infects the chloroplasts of plant leaves and reduces the plant’s ability to photosynthesise . The leaves change colour from green to yellow or white and develop a mosaic pattern. It can also make leaves crinkled or curled up.
What plants are affected by mosaic virus?
Mosaic viruses affect a wide range of edible crops – alfalfa, apples, beans, celery, corn, cucumbers, figs, peppers, spinach, tobacco and tomatoes are some of the more common ones. They can also infect ornamental plants like abultilon, delphinium, gladiola, marigold, petunia and one of the most notable, roses.
What does the mosaic virus affect?
For example, tomato mosaic virus most often infects tomatoes, but can also infect pepper, potato, apple, pear, cherry and numerous weeds, including pigweed and lamb’s quarters. Tobacco mosaic virus can infect ornamentals and weeds including cucumber, lettuce, beet, pepper, tomato, petunia, jimson weed and horsenettle.
Does TMV affect plants?
The tobacco mosaic virus attacks plants in the families that include tomato, pepper, eggplant, tobacco, spinach, petunia, and marigold. Many modern vegetable varieties have been developed to resist this virus.
What are the symptoms of tobacco mosaic virus?
Symptoms associated with TMV infections:
- mosaic pattern of light and dark green (or yellow and green) on the leaves.
- malformation of leaves or growing points.
- yellow streaking of leaves (especially monocots)
- yellow spotting on leaves.
- distinct yellowing only of veins.
How do you treat mosaic virus in plants?
There are no cures for viral diseases such as mosaic once a plant is infected.
- Fungicides will NOT treat this viral disease.
- Plant resistant varieties when available or purchase transplants from a reputable source.
- Do NOT save seed from infected crops.
Can you eat a watermelon with mosaic virus?
Yes, you can eat squash and melons that are infected with mosaic virus. These viruses are not harmful to humans and do not cause the fruit to rot. Often the discoloration is only skin deep. In cases where fruit are severely distorted, the texture of the fruit may be affected and may not be desirable for eating.
How do you test for tobacco mosaic virus?
Currently, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are the most commonly used methods to detect TMV in plants2. However, the processes of those methods are quite time-consuming, complex, and even challenging since the TMV may distribute unevenly in plant tissues at low level.
Does mosaic virus live in soil?
Unlike TMV (tobacco mosaic virus), CMV is not seedborne in tomato and does not persist in plant debris in the soil or on workers’ hands or clothing. The occurrence of this virus is erratic and unpredictable; consequently, control of this disease can be difficult.
Can humans get TMV?
Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), a widespread plant pathogen, is found in tobacco (including cigarettes and smokeless tobacco) as well as in many other plants. Plant viruses do not replicate or cause infection in humans or other mammals.
How do you prevent TMV in plants?
To control the spread of TMV, farmers must: wash their hands after handling infected plants. wash tools that have come into contact with infected plants in detergent or bleach. rotate the crops they grow in a contaminated field – they must not grow tobacco or tomato plants in the field for at least two years.
Why can’t a plant with TMV grow properly?
It infects the chloroplasts of plant leaves and changes their colour from green to yellow or white in a mosaic pattern. It can also make leaves crinkled or curled up. This reduces the plant’s ability to photosynthesise and grow properly, which can reduce farmers’ crop yields .