What were the first beads made out of?
Beads have been made of glass for over 5,000 years. The discovery of fire was the essential step in glass bead making. There is evidence as early as 2340-2180 BC in Mesopotamia of a method known as “core-forming” where they used a metal mandrel with pieces of glass held over a flame.
What are the materials needed for bead making?
Basic Supplies for Making Jewelry and Beading Projects
- Wire cutters.
- Round-nose pliers.
- Flat-nose pliers.
- Crimping tool (crimp pliers)
- Bead organizer with a variety of glass beads.
- Beading cord or thread.
- Memory wire.
- Big-eye beading needle.
How were early glass beads made?
Probably the earliest beads of true glass were made by the winding method. Glass at a temperature high enough to make it workable, or “ductile”, is laid down or wound around a steel wire or mandrel coated in a clay slip called “bead release”.
Who invented bead?
More complex glass beads, such as mosaic or ‘millefiori’ beads, were developed in Mesopotamia about 3,500 years ago. Further refined by the Syrians and Egyptians, these sophisticated beads were traded as far north as Scandinavia.
Which state is known for bead making?
Ile-Ife has been known as a famous city for bead making. It is said that the wife of Oduduwa, Olokun Senaide established the art of glass bead-making in the ancient city of the Ile-Ife, and Igbo-Olokun (Olokun Grave) is known to be her work-shop which covers some acres of land as long as 12 acres.
What do beads symbolize?
Beads, whether sewn on apparel or worn on strings, have symbolic meanings that are far removed from the simplistic empiricism of the Western anthropologist. They, or pendants, may for instance be protective, warding off evil spirits or spells, or they can be good luck charms.